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The Spanish monarchy is the institution least-trusted by Catalans according to the Centre of Opinion Studies's barometer published this Friday. The royals come last on a list of 18 institutions, earning a trust rating of 1.74 out of 10. In second-last place is the Spanish government on 1.89.

Most trusted are the universities, with a rating of 6.44 out of 10, followed by the Mossos d'Esquadra (Catalan police), on 5.86. The list continues with local councils (5.46), the Catalan Parliament (4.84), the media (4.78), the UN (4.75) and the European Union (4.53).

ceo monarquia

Next, in eighth place, are the Spanish National Police and the Civil Guard (3.87), the unions (3.55), the law courts (3.45), the political parties  (3.13), the army (3.08) and the Constitutional Court (2.74).

Finally, the list closes with the least-trusted institutions: the Spanish Congress (2.67), the Catholic church (2.52) and the banks (2.35). The last two places are for the central government (1.89) and the monarchy under Felipe VI (1.74).

Compared with CEO's results from October 2017, the monarchy, which was already in last place, has dropped further: from 1.82 to 1.74.